recent discoveries in human evolution 2020
They lived in a grassland area where game was plentiful or near an estuary rich in fish. 2020 has been… quite the year! Fossil footprints tell us where and how modern humans traveled the globe. When you choose to publish with PLOS, your research makes an impact. Between 6,000 – 19,000 years ago, a group of modern humans walked through a mudflow in the shadow of the Oldoinyo L’engai volcano in Tanzania. It's five years later and we still aren’t sure how they got there. While we wait for more Denisovan fossils to be discovered, you can use this VR technology to see through a Neanderthal’s eyes and get up close and personal with some mammoths! First, in 2019, they used a new method based on protein variations to identify the jaw as Denisovan; but the novel method and unknown exact location of where the jaw was found in the cave led to continued skepticism. In 2018, scientists discovered that social networks were used to trade obsidian, valuable for its sharp edges, by around 300,000 years ago. A human jawbone found in Israel measured 177,000 years old pushed the migration theory even further back and confirmed that Homo sapiens left Africa far earlier than 60,000 years ago. The discovery of a remarkably well-preserved fossil from the extinct human species Paranthropus robustus suggests rapid evolution during a turbulent period of … Briana Pobiner is a paleoanthropologist whose research centers on the evolution of human diet (with a focus on meat-eating), but has included topics as diverse as human cannibalism and chimpanzee carnivory. ... in March and April 2020. As the researchers make more of these discoveries, the theory of human evolution is getting more complicated. ... of human evolution. One of the earliest known humans is Homo habilis, or “handy man,” who lived about 2.4 million to 1.4 million years ago in Eastern and Southern Africa. While we may not be able to move around much this year, three studies on fossil human footprints published in 2020 revealed a lot more about where ancient humans traveled and how they moved together in groups. The footprints go in a straight and definite line, and pretty fast, indicating a deliberate end target; they then return in the opposite direction, this time without the child. Add your ORCID here. To mark the 10th anniversary of the Smithsonian’s “ David H. Koch Hall of Human Origins ,” here are some of the biggest discoveries in human evolution from the last 10 years. We thought Homo erectus spread beyond Africa as far as eastern Asia by about 1.7 million years ago. All modern humans likely have a bit of Neanderthal in their DNA, including Africans who had previously been thought to have no genetic link to humanity's extinct human relative, a new study finds. She has done fieldwork in Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa, and Indonesia. The human genome is a wondrous archive of our relationships with ancient species no longer around. Top 9 Discoveries in Human Evolution, 2020 Edition 1. When you think of technology today, you might picture computers, smartphones, and gaming consoles. Issued on: 29/08/2019 ... 20/07/2020. Fossil footprints tell us where and how modern humans traveled the globe. Your email address will not be published. Smithsonian Magazine recently published an article titled “These are the Decade’s Biggest Discoveries in Human Evolution.” It opens by saying: Human evolution is one of the most vibrant areas of scientific investigation. With platforms like Facebook, Twitter and Instagram, it hard to imagine social networking being old. One of the 600,000-year-old tools found in Spain's Atapuerca site. They had to hold the specimen, which consisted of more than 150 pieces of a ~3 year old child, together – without coughing, sneezing, or even talking, and controlling their breathing – for up to 40 minutes at a time! Her research centers on the evolution of human diet (with a focus on meat-eating), but has included topics as diverse as human cannibalism and chimpanzee carnivory. In partnership with the Kenya Museums, Potts leads ongoing excavations in southern and western Kenya. While discoveries directly related to humans’ evolutionary journey are important, understanding how now-extinct primates survived, thrived, and traveled across the globe is just as exciting! Unlike body fossils, footprints (and other “trace fossils”) offer us a snapshot of an exact moment in time, or at least a very short time interval. Two sharp quartzite stones carved by a hominid … Stay up-to-date with the latest science and technology news from Daily Mail including scientific discoveries, pictures, new technology, and more. Get the best of Smithsonian magazine by email. Learn about the early human … In April, Erik Seiffert from University of Southern California and colleagues announced a new tiny soup-can-sized fossil monkey species Ucayalipithecus perditabased on four fossil monkey teeth that they found deep in the Peruvian Amazon. Researchers in South Africa’s Border Cave, a well-known archaeological site perched on a cliff between eSwatini (Swaziland) and KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa, have found evidence that people have been using grass bedding to create... Archaeology / Dating / Ecology / Environment / … Nuño Domínguez. Source: Recent discoveries fundamentally change our picture of human evolution - Business Insider by Jerry Bergman, PhD “New fossils, tools and analyses of genomes have thrown everything in disarray,” announced author Graham Lawton in the cover story in the latest issue of the British science magazine New Scientist. Since many scientific articles are years in the making, a lot of exciting discoveries were still revealed in 2020! Scientists still don’t know exactly when or how the first humans evolved, but they’ve identified a few of the oldest ones. Drimolen seems to be the gift that keeps on giving (us fossils): in 2018, the team found two more Paranthropus fossils, including the ~2 million year old DNH 155 adult male cranium (also found by a field school student, Samantha Good). In the past ten years, we’ve found fossils that widen both the geographic and time range of several early human species. A Thriller Author Talks about How to Sell Science. 147 shares. Determined to find more evidence, Zhang and her team returned to the cave. AOC/EIA. And no other animal bones were found in the cave except for the bones of a single owl. Her favorite field moments include falling asleep in a tent in the Serengeti in Tanzania while listening to the distant whoops of hyenas, watching a pride of lions eat a zebra carcass on the Kenyan equator, and discovering fossil bones that were last touched, butchered and eaten by one of her 1.5-million-year-old ancestors. It’s a mystery still to be solved. Human evolution is one of the most vibrant areas of scientific investigation. The British research lab at Porton Down has been much in the news recently because of the Skripal affair . Lack of food, medicine and rising violence … Since many scientific articles are years in the making, a lot of exciting discoveries were still revealed in 2020! Because the Denisovan DNA sequences in these fossils around not found in present-day Oceanians (Australian Aboriginals and New Guineans), but they are found in present-day East Asians, modern humans must have met and exchanged genes with two different populations of Denisovans one in Southeast Asia, and one in mainland Asia. 10/22/2013 10:12 am ET Updated Dec 22, 2013 The recent discovery of a fantastically complete early Homo skull from Dmanisi, Georgia (dated to about 1.8 million years old) has set off a proverbial "bomb" in the paleoanthropological community ( PDF here ). She was previously a student at American University and staff member of the Koobi Fora Field School. I’ve always been fascinated by how things work. via Business Insider, 05 January 2020: A great summary article about recent discoveries in human origins and evolution that changed our conventional understanding of how humans came to populate the world. New starfish-like fossil reveals evolution in action. Required fields are marked *, ORCID It was the first time a new species has been identified using ancient DNA. It was once held that H. sapiens first emerged in Eastern Africa and flourished in some Stone Age ‘ Eden’. There is a mention of the Homo Luzonensis find that was first described last year. Make your work accessible to all, without restrictions, and accelerate scientific discovery with options like preprints and published peer review that make your work more Open. In 2015, scientists announced the discovery of fossils of at least 15 individuals of this species in a deep, dark chamber of the Rising Star Cave system in South Africa. The research team found pieces of altered stone in Lomekwi, Kenya, that date to 3.3 million years ago. But we also look to ancient DNA to learn about our origins. In the past decade we’ve seen many discoveries that add to our understanding of our origins. The findings show how early humans related to and kept track of a larger social world. See how science is making today’s news. Lost art of Venezuela. Comparing this to ethnographic data from modern forager groups such as the Hadza in Tanzania, they concluded that the footprints were probably made by adult females with occasional visits or accompaniment by a few adult males during a food gathering session. A team led by Dongju Zhang from Lanzhou University wanted to test the hypothesis that a ~160,000 year old partial jawbone found by a Buddhist monk in Baishiya Karst Cave might be the remains of a Denisovan. The situation in Venezuela is dire. But did Pleistocene humans always travel solo? When the decade first started, scientists recovered ancient genetic material from a fossilized finger bone found in the Denisova Cave in Siberia. If so, by whom? Until this find was announced in 2019, researchers had only found bits and pieces of this species from various sites across Ethiopia and Kenya. Fossil primates also undertook major journeys. 2. This discovery—along with others from China and Greece—suggest that Homo sapiens wandered short-term into Eurasia well before the worldwide migration that began 70,000 years ago. Here’s why it matters. The story of human evolution began about seven million years ago, when the lineages that lead to Homo sapiens and chimpanzees separated. Another 2020 announcement, this one in May from Chatham University’s Kevin Hatala and colleagues (including Briana Pobiner! (e.g. They agreed to excavate only in winter and at night, in sub-zero temperatures, to avoid disturbing worshippers – and were rewarded by Denisovan mitochondrial DNA from the cave sediments, dated to between 100,000 – 60,000 years ago, and possibly as recently as 45,000 years ago. The 2010s was a bad decade for the study of human evolution. Human evolution: 20 years of discoveries Posted by EarthSky Voices in Human World | January 11, 2020 The pace of archaeological discoveries has picked up in recent … Updated Oct 22, 2020; Posted Oct 22, 2020 . Finally, footprints can simply reveal that humans were someplace we didn’t know they were at that time, like with these ~120,000 year old human and animal footprints found on an ancient lake surface in a current Saudi Arabian desert by Michael Petraglia from the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History and colleagues. 10 Popular Scientific Discoveries from 2020 smithsonianmag.com - Erin Malsbury. Stone tools aren’t the only things that are older than we thought. Smithsonian Voices National Museum of Natural History. A tiny new organ has been discovered in the human body. Sounds improbable, but monkeys can survive without access to fresh water if they get enough food – like fruit that could have been on a tree on the vegetation raft. Early Man Studies Are a Moving Target: a Perennial Re-writing of Our Alleged History. This year was one of the strangest in recent history. While discoveries directly related to humans’ evolutionary journey are... 3. ), analyzed the largest fossil footprint assemblage in Africa. 0000-0002-7299-680X), PLOS is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) corporation, #C2354500, and is based in San Francisco, California, US, PLOS will use your email address to provide news and updates. We’ve long known that early humans migrated from Africa not once but at least twice. These finds demonstrate the contemporaneity of these two species at this site with Australopithecus africanus and DNH 134 pushes back the origin of Homo erectus by about 150,000 – 200,000 years. 0000-0002-7299-680X). Edited by Jason Organ, PhD, Indiana University School of Medicine. And aspiring paleoanthropologists, check this out: Jesse Martin and Angeline Leece, who were both students attending a field school at Drimolen when DNH 143 was found in 2015, got to clean and reconstruct the skull. Paleoanthropologist Dr. Rick Potts heads the Human Origins Program at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History. But it is. The 408 footprints left behind by 17 individuals help us understand not only the heights and weights of the footprint-makers, but using statistical analysis based on a large data set of modern human feet, the team determined that the walking group probably consisted of 14 female and 2 male individuals. Thanks to this skull, we now know that the two species overlapped in time. Also in October, a team led by the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology’s Svante Pääbo and Diyendo Massilani analyzed a ~34,000 year old modern human woman’s skullcap found by miners in 2006 – the only Pleistocene fossil currently known from Mongolia – as well as a ~40,000 year old modern human male skull from Tianyuan Cave in China. She joined the Smithsonian in 2017. Human evolution: The astounding new story of the origin of our species Forget the simple out-of-Africa idea of how humans evolved. Well, it was… complicated. Were the bodies placed there deliberately? )… One of this year’s big announcements, in October, was the first definitive evidence of Denisovans outside of Denisova Cave in Siberia – from ~2800 km/~1,740 miles away in Tibet! Instead, it belonged to a previously undiscovered species of early humans now called Denisovans. 2020 has been… quite the year! 4. 1. Human evolution is one of the most vibrant areas of scientific investigation. His research focuses on how environmental instability has affected human evolution and our evolutionary adaptations. Human skull model. As anthropologists discovered new fossils and artifacts in 2020, our understanding of human history has changed. But through all of the challenges of 2020, scientists at the Smithsonian and around the world … ... » Human evolution … ... New perspectives in human behavior and culture. The pandemic changed a lot about the world including the ways in which paleoanthropologists, archaeologists, and other fieldwork-based researchers operate. Another 2020 announcement, this one in May from Chatham University’s Kevin Hatala and colleagues (including Briana Pobiner), analyzed the largest … The team re-excavated a cave in Morocco where a group of miners found skulls in 1961. Fossil primates also undertook major journeys. This new species pushes the fossil record of gibbons back by about five million years, and provides significant information about when the ancestors of today’s gibbons migrated to Asia from Africa – which was around the same time ancient great apes were undertaking the same migration. DNA tells us a lot about who we are now. ... New flower from 100 million years ago brings fresh holiday beauty to 2020. But, in 2018, scientists dated new stone tools and fossils from China to about 2.1 million years ago, pushing the Homo erectus migration to Asia back by 400,000 years. But new fossils always reveal more of our story. (e.g. While we may not be able to move around... 2. Using CT scans, the scientists confirmed that the remains belonged to our species. Save my name and email for the next time I comment. These stones are larger and simpler than those that were previously thought to be the oldest stone tools. In October , a team led by Nina Jablonski and Xueping Ji from Penn State University and Yunnan Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology respectively, found three new ~6.4 million year old Mesopithecus pentelicus fossils in Yunan Province, China. Our mission is to help scientists accelerate discovery by operating a platform for research communication that encourages and recognises the most responsible behaviours in science. First things first: A “human” is anyone who belongs to the genus Homo(Latin for “man”). We long thought our ancestors began making these tools about 2.6 million years ago. Human evolution is one of the most vibrant areas of scientific investigation. But a discovery announced in 2015 pushed that date back. Human Origins 101. No list of important finds in human 29 Jul 2020 - 02:23 EDT. How do we know? Vote Now! Looks like it’s time to find more Denisovan fossils (fingers crossed)! No list of important finds in human evolution would be complete without fossil evidence of hominins themselves, and this year the site of Drimolen in South Africa was the big winner. I loved the episode showing…, As more learning occurs online and at home with the global pandemic, keeping students engaged in learning about science is a challenge…, By Brad Parks A few years back, while driving to my favorite daily writing haunt, the local radio station spit out one…. These late Miocene fossils indicate that this ecologically versatile and adaptable ancient monkey lived in Asia at the same time as apes – and the likely descendants of this species (modern colobines of Asia) have continued this trend by inhabiting some of the most highly seasonal and extreme habitats occupied by nonhuman primates. First, in April, a team led by Andy I. R. Herries from La Trobe University announced new fossils of both Paranthropus robustus (DNH 152) and Homo erectus (DNH 134) dating to between ~2.04 and 1.95 million years ago, making these the oldest fossils of both of these hominin species. This, it was believed, was the cradle of humanity and where we acquired our distinct physical features and cognitive skills. Wilson and his col… Ella Beaudoin is a Paleolithic archaeologist whose research interests span from cultural adaption and resistance to colonialism, to early hominin cultural evolution and landscape use. Confirmed that the DNA didn ’ t sure how they got there once inhabited a pretty large area of.! Food, medicine and rising violence … human origins 101 scientists recovered ancient genetic from! ’ evolutionary journey are... 3 over the past decade we ’ ve seen recent discoveries in human evolution 2020 discoveries that add to family... 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